In history there has always been the story of the “stand-in” or surrogate mother. From the story of Abram and the maidservant to Kim Kardashian and Kanye West. Surrogacy exists in an environment when one of the parents is for some reason unable to carry a child. Surrogacy is another way for parents to have a baby without adopting. Through surrogacy, a family can preserve there genetic legacy, via stand-in. The process of surrogacy is legal in India, the UK and a number of other countries.
What is Surrogacy?
Surrogacy is an arrangement, commonly supported by a legal agreement, whereby a woman consents to become pregnant and give birth to a child for another individual who is or will become the parent of the boy or girl.
In the process of gestational surrogacy there are eggs from the mother, that are fertilized the with sperm from the father, that is then placed in the embryo into the uterus of a gestational surrogate. The surrogate then carries the baby until birth. Now-a-days, the gestational surrogacy process is more common than the other.
What is the History of Surrogacy?
Surrogates have helped build and grow families for centuries– from the ancient Middle East to the royal families of Spain. While the concept has been around for countless years, assisted reproductive technologies have changed the surrogate landscape and expanded the definition of what it means to carry a baby for couples and individuals who are unable to have a baby by themselves either biologically or through intention.
The very first baby conceived through IVF embryo transfer, Louise Brown was born in the UK in 1978. In 1980, the first compensated surrogacy agreement was arranged between a traditional surrogate and the intended parents. That surrogacy agreement was later to be determined to be against the law.
What are the Different Form Of Surrogacy?
Improvements in technology have made the options available to would be parents more widespread. There are two kinds of surrogacy methods. The types of surrogacy methods are:
In traditional surrogacy (also referred to as partial, natural, or straight surrogacy), the gestational surrogate’s egg is used and the sperm of the commissioning father or a donor is used for fertilization. Insemination of the surrogate can either occur through natural or intratubal insemination. Using the sperm of a donor produces a child that is not genetically related to the intended parent( s). If the intended father’s sperm is used in the insemination process, then the resulting child is genetically related both the intended father and the surrogate.
With the gestational surrogacy process, (also known as host or full surrogacy) was first achieved in April 1986. Gestational surrogacy occurs when an embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational carrier. Gestational surrogacy has several forms, and in each form, the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate:.
- the embryo is created using the intended father’s sperm and the intended mother’s eggs.
- the embryo is created using the intended father’s sperm and a donor egg.
- the embryo is created using the intended mother’s egg and donor sperm.
- a donor embryo is transferred to a surrogate. Such an embryo may be available when others undergoing IVF have embryos left over, which they donate to others. The resulting child is genetically unrelated to the intended parent( s).
Who is a Good Surrogacy Candidate?
may seek a surrogacy arrangement when pregnancy is medically impossible, when pregnancy risks are too harmful for the intended mother, or when a single man or a male couple wish to have a child. Surrogacy is considered amongst many assisted reproductive technologies.
The Surrogacy Process Provides Freedom
People currently pay to go through the surrogacy process and then there are some individuals that act as surrogates out of love. No matter what, at the end of the day, a new baby is born, and a surrogate baby is born out of love.