Kidney Disease Kidney Failure

Chronic Kidney Disease and Kidney Failure

Chronic kidney disease and kidney failure go hand in hand with the ultimate gradual loss of kidney function. Kidneys are the organs that filter waste products from the blood. They are also involved in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production in the body.

Symptoms of Kidney Disease

Another name for kidney disease is Chronic Kidney Disease or Kidney failure.  Kidney failure can occur when your kidneys become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate, and your blood’s chemical makeup may get out of balance.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means they have stopped working well enough for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.

The first signs of kidney failure are swollen feet and ankles. The decreased kidney function results in additional sodium retention that causes the additional swelling. If you are experiencing those signs, it may be time for you to go visit your doctor.

Kidney Failure Has Five Stages

Symptoms of kidney failure are due to the build-up of waste products and excess fluid in the body that may cause weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy, swelling, and confusion. Inability to remove potassium from the bloodstream may lead to abnormal heart rhythms and sudden death. Initially kidney failure may cause no symptoms.  Physical wellness includes the wellness of our organs.  We should be aware of changes in our health to catch deleterious conditions early.

Kidney failure has several stages which are:

  • Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
  • Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
  • Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
  • Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min)
  • Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
  • Stage 5 End Stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)

The Result of Chronic Kidney Disease or Kidney Failure

In end-stage kidney disease or renal disease, kidneys have lost more than 85% of their function and the only chance for survival is with dialysis or transplantation. If you would like to learn more about chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, visit the National Kidney Foundation website today.